Seat distribution for Parlimentary, Provincial Council and district elections
The Independent Election Commission (IEC) for a fair distribution of seats in collaboration with the Population Registration Authority allocates seats for each province based on each province population. The Wolesi Jirga has 250 seats, 239 seats of which have been allocated to provinces basis on their populations. The remaining 10 seats allocated to Kochis and 1 seats allocated to Sikhs and Hindus.
Provincial Distribution of Wolesi Jirga Seats:
- The total population of the provinces excluding Kochis, Hindus and Sikhs is divided into 239 seats so that the size of the population of one seat will be determined.
- The population of each province is divided by the population of a seat to determine the number of seats in each province.
- In this case, if the seats are not allocated by sum of these two components which specified, then the base sequence will be the decimal number remaining from the remainder of the distribution. In each case, if these calculations will result in the allocation of less then one seat in one or number of the provinces, the alternative option is to allocate two seats in the province. The number of seats for each province is equal to the number of seats obtained.
- According to the Constitutional law, essentially two women from each province should join the Wolesi Jirga.
- There are 10 seats allocated to the Kochis, 3 of which are reserved for women.
- In each constituency, the seats are allocated to the candidates who have received the most legal votes.
- For Sikhs and Hindus single seat is reserved
Distribution of Provincial Council seats
Each province has a provincial council whose members are elected by voters in the same province. Provincial Council seats are determined by the proportionate population of each province:
- A province with a population of up to Five Hundred Thousands has been allocated with 9 seats.
- A province with a population of more than five hundred thousand to one million has been allocated with 11 seats.
- A province with a population of more than one million to two million has been allocated with 15 seats.
- The province, which has more than two million to three million populations, has been allocated with 17 seats.
- A province with a population of more than three million to four million has been allocated with 19 seats.
- The province, which has more than four million people, has been allocated with 21 seats.
- Women hold at least 25 percent of the provincial council seats.
- Kochis in any province can participate as voters and candidates.
- The candidate who receives the most votes in the constituency is recognized as a member of the provincial council.
Distribution of District Council seats:
Each district has a council whose members are elected by voters in the same district for three years. District Council seats are determined by the number of populations in each district:
- A district with up to forty thousand populations has 5 seats.
- A district with more than forty thousand to seventy thousand populations has 7 seats.
- A district with more than seventy thousand to one hundred thousand populations has 9 seats.
- The district, which has more than one hundred thousand populations, has 11 seats.
- At least 25 percent of seats are reserved for women.
- Kochis can participate in any district as a voter or candidate in the district council elections.
Candidate with the most votes in the constituency is recognized as a member of the district council.