Creating transparency and ensuring electoral justice is the public right of citizens in democracy and democratic systems. The Electoral Complaints Commission has been established under the Electoral Code to investigate violations, Objections and complaints in the electoral process. The Commission is responsible throughout the election for the consistently handling of election-related complaints and violations to consolidate and institutionalize democracy by creating grounds for trust, to raise national participation, and institutionalizing regular and standardized elections. Citizens' complaints and objections are filed with the Electoral Complaints Commission headquarters or the Provincial Electoral Commission offices and then subject to legal scrutiny. After an in-depth examination of the decisions on objections and complaints, Public will be notified through the media.
According to the provisions of Articles 92 and 74 of the Electoral Code, political parties and other entities may object to the ineligibility of the candidates within 2 working days or within a maximum of two weeks after the initial list of candidates published. Candidates and their representatives may also file their complaints during the voting and counting of votes or within 2 working days after the Election Day in the Headquarters of complaints commission and in provinces offices. Provincial Complaint commission offices are required to finalize and publish the results of their investigations within six working days after the time of filing of the complaints and objections. If the complainant is not satisfied with the results of the provincial complaints commission's decision, they may file a written complaint with the Central Election Complaints Commission within three working days of the publication of the decision. The Central election complaints Commission will revise the provincial commission decision with help of evidences and documental proves and after depth review of the case they will make final decision. According to Article 93 of the Electoral Code, the decision of the Central Election Complaints Commission (CEC) is consider as final decision and Election Complaints Commission is consider as the highest authority for handling election complaints and Objections. No other internal or external authority can make out electoral cases from the jurisdiction of the Election Complaints Commission or intervene in the results of violations. The Complaints Commission takes decisions on the basis of laws, relevant procedures, the principle of fairness and transparency to handle complaints and Objections.
Special Investigation Commission
The Special Investigation Commission has been established in accordance with Article 44, paragraph 2 of the Electoral Code. The commission is composed of representatives from the Ministry of National Defense, the Ministry of Interior, the Directorate General of National Security and the Directorate of Local governance, which also lead by chairperson of Election Complaints Commission. The Commission for the Examination of Candidates' to determine the Leadership or Membership in Illegal Armed Groups, is set up during the process of candidates’ nomination. The commission is responsible for identifying and consolidating candidates' in order to determine that the candidates are not lead or being member of any illegal armed groups based on complaints from constituent bodies and public, realistic documents to establish that candidates have not been engaged in any activity with the armed groups. The review process begins with the registration of candidates and continues until the final list of candidates is publishing. The responsibility is refer to Special Commission in order to investigate the candidates to determined their Membership or leadership of Illegal Armed Groups and then the final decision on eliminating the names of candidates who have been found to be engages with such groups either as Member or as Leader of such illegal armed groups is made by the Election Complaints Commission.