Transparency in the working process and accountability on accomplished work in all institutions are important principle. Independent Election Commission (IEC) has also considered legal mechanisms for transparency and accountability to the citizens of the country.
In 2004, for the first time, the election law was drafted and signed by the President. The first election was conducted in collaboration with the United Nations. In order to hold the first presidential and parliamentary elections in 2005, the Joint Election Commission (JEMB) was composed of national and international members. The IEC was established as an interim commission at the JEMB conducted Wolesi Jirga elections in 2005. The JEMB was active until the end of the Wolesi Jirga elections, lately IEC replaced the JEMB in accordance with article 156 of the Afghan Constitution, for administering and overseeing any type elections and vote in the country. Duties and authorities of the IEC are defined in the Election Law.
The Electoral Complaints Commissions (ECC) is acting in accordance with the electoral law to address electoral violations and negligence. Any issues that fall within the authority of the ECC shall be assess and addressed in the event of complaints, challenge or without any of these. To ensure transparency in the electoral process and better accountability before Afghan people, IEC has taken a series of measures to preserve the integrity of the elections. Ensuring transparency at all stages of the elections, accountability and awareness of the Afghan people in increased. The following efforts and facilities are considered for transparency and accountability to citizens: